Scavenger Hunt – Fall

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.1.3.C1: Recognize that plants survive through adaptations such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity. Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors. 

Harvesting Produce

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems. 

Charting Seasonal Change

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.C Explain how most life on earth gets its energy from the sun.

Science and Technology
3.1.5.A2: Describe how life on earth depends on energy from the sun.
3.2.3.B3: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.
3.2.3.B5: Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one material to another.
3.2.4.B5: Demonstrate how light can be reflected, refracted or absorbed by an object.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.
3.3.5.B.1: Provide evidence that the earth revolves around the sun in a year’s time and that the earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours.

Science as Inquiry

  • Use simple equipment to gather data and understand that this allows scientists to collect more information than relying only on their senses to gather information.

Saving Seeds

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.
4.5.7D: Explain how biological diversity relates to the viability of ecosystems. Explain how an adaptation is inherited, structure, function or behavior that helps an organisms survive and reproduce. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.B1: Understand that plants and animals closely resemble their parents.
3.1.3.B5: Identify characteristics that appear in both parents and offspring.
3.1.3.C1: Recognize that plants survive through adaptations such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity. Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors. 

Broadcasting Cover Crops

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth.
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.
4.5.4.B: Determine the circumstances that cause humans to identify an organism as a pest. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors. 

Pickling

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions. 

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter.
3.2.4.A4: Recognize that combining two or more substances may make new materials with different properties.
3.2.6.A4: Differentiate between physical changes and chemical changes.
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.B: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat. 

Planting Fall Bulbs

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.1.3.B1: Understand that plants and animals closely resemble their parents.
3.1.4.B1: Describe features that are observable in both parents and their offspring
3.1.5.B1: Differentiate between inherited and acquired characteristics of plants and animals.
3.1.3.B5: Identify characteristics that appear in both parents and offspring.

Making Popcorn and Butter

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles 

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter (e.g. burning, cooking).
3.2.6.A5: Constancy and Change: Identify characteristic properties of matter that can be used to separate one substance from the other.

Making Applesauce

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter (e.g. burning, cooking).

Measuring Sun Position (Day)

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.C: Explain how most life on earth gets its energy from the sun. 

Science and Technology
3.1.5.A2: Describe how life on earth depends on energy from the sun.
3.2.3.B3: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.
3.2.3.B5: Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one material to another.
3.2.4.B5: Demonstrate how light can be reflected, refracted or absorbed by an object.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.
3.3.3.A5: Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time.
3.3.4.A5: Describe basic weather elements. Identify weather patterns over time.
3.3.5.B.1: Provide evidence that the earth revolves around the sun in a year’s time and that the earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours.

Science as Inquiry
Grades K-4

  • Understand that all scientific investigations involve asking and answering questions and comparing the answer with what is already known.
  • Plan and conduct a simple investigation and understand that different questions require different kinds of investigations.
  • Use simple equipment to gather data and understand that this allows scientists to collect more information than relying only on their senses to gather information.

Grades 5-7

  • Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations and evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
  • Design and conduct a scientific investigation and understand that current scientific knowledge guides scientific investigations.
  • Use appropriate tools and technologies to gather, analyze and interpret data.

Measuring Sun Position: Fall to Winter

Standards suggestion is the same for “Measuring the Position of the Sun in the Sky”.

Migration and Hibernation

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.A: Explain how living things are dependent upon other living and nonliving things for survival. Explain what happens to an organism when its food supply, access to water, shelter or space is changed.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.
4.1.3.E: Identify changes in the environment over time.
4.1.4.E: Explain that ecosystems change over time due to natural and or human influences. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water and shelter.
3.3.3.A5: Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time.
3.3.4.A5: Describe basic weather elements. Identify weather patterns over time. 

Making Coleslaw

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A3: Identify differences in life cycles of plants and animals.
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.3.3.A5: Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time.
3.3.4.A5: Describe basic weather elements. Identify weather patterns over time. 

Baking in a Solar Oven

Environment and Ecology
4.1.3.C: Identify Energy sources
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.5.4.C: Describe how human activities affect the environment. 

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.B3: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive.
3.2.5.B3: Demonstrate how heat energy is usually a byproduct of an energy transformation.
3.4.4.A1: Understand that tools materials, and skills are used to make things and carry out tasks.

Making Ice Cream

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A1: Differentiate between properties of objects such as size, shape, and weight and properties of materials that make up the objects such as color, texture, and hardness. Differentiate between the three states of matter, classifying a substance as a solid, liquid or gas.
3.2.4.A1: Identify and classify objects based on their observable and measurable physical properties. Compare and contrast solids, liquids and gases based on their properties.
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.B3: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter (e.g. burning, cooking).
3.2.6.A5: Constancy and Change: Identify characteristic properties of matter that can be used to separate one substance from the other. 

Science as Inquiry
Grades K-4

  • Understand that all scientific investigations involve asking and answering questions and comparing the answer with what is already known.
  • Plan and conduct a simple investigation and understand that different questions require different kinds of investigations.
  • Use simple equipment to gather data and understand that this allows scientists to collect more information than relying only on their senses to gather information.

Grades 5-7

  • Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations and evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
  • Design and conduct a scientific investigation and understand that current scientific knowledge guides scientific investigations.
  • Use appropriate tools and technologies to gather, analyze and interpret data.

What Grows Here (and When)

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.E: Explain that ecosystems change over time due to natural and/or human influences.
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A1: Classify Plants and animals according to the physical characteristics they share.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Compost Relay

Environment and Ecology
4.1.5.A: Describe the roles of producersconsumers, and decomposers within a local ecosystem.
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. ๏๏Trace how death, growth, and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.


Science and Technology
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Mushrooms

Environment and Ecology
4.1.5.A: Describe the roles of producersconsumers, and decomposers within a local ecosystem.
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. ๏๏Trace how death, growth, and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Worm Composting

Environment and Ecology
4.1.5.A: Describe the roles of producersconsumers, and decomposers within a local ecosystem.
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. ๏๏Trace how death, growth, and decay cycle matter.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Rocks and Minerals

Environment and Ecology
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.

Identifying Insects

Environment and Ecology
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. (e.g.,soil, water, nutrients, and light).
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.
4.5.4.B: Determine the circumstances that cause humans to identify an organism as a pest.
4.5.7.B: Describe the impact of pests in different geographic locations and techniques used to manage those pests.

Weeding Our Garden

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.A: Explain how living things are dependent upon other living and nonliving things for survival. Explain what happens to an Organism when its food supply, access to water, shelter or space (niche / habitat) is changed.
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.

Starting Seeds

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate what animals and plants need to grow.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water, and shelter.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live.
3.1.3.A3: Illustrate how plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that
include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

Identifying Insects

Environment and Ecology
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.
4.5.4.B: Determine the circumstances that cause humans to identify an organism as a pest.
4.5.7.B: Describe the impact of pests in different geographic locations and techniques used to manage those pests. 

Science
3.1.3.A1: Describe characteristics of living things that help to identify and classify them.
3.1.4.A1: Classify plants and animals according to the physical characteristics that they share.

Dissecting Tulips

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A1: Describe characteristics of living things that help to identify and classify them.
3.1.4.A1: Classify plants and animals according to the physical characteristics that they share.
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth, and

Fertilizing Transplants – Peppers

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate what animals and plants need to grow.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water, and shelter.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live.
3.1.3.A3: Illustrate how plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

Fertilizing Transplants – Tomatoes

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate what animals and plants need to grow.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water, and shelter.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live.
3.1.3.A3: Illustrate how plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

Making Scape Pesto

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.1.3.B1: Understand that plants and animals closely resemble their parents.

Food Begins With A Plant

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
Identify Pennsylvania’s important agricultural products.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light,food, air, water, and shelter.

Harvesting Wheat

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Tasting Apples

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection. 

Overwintering Spinach

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.C1: Recognize that plants survive through adaptations such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity. Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.
3.3.5.B.1: Provide evidence that the earth revolves around the sun in a year’s time and that the earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Sundrying

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions. 

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter.
3.2.6.A4: Differentiate between physical changes and chemical changes.
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.B: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.
3.4.4.B1: Describe how technology affects humans in various ways.
3.4.4.B3: Explain why new technologies are developed and old ones are improved in terms of needs and wants.
3.4.3.B4: Illustrate how people have made tools to provide food, clothing and shelter.
3.4.4.E: Identify the technologies in agriculture that make it possible for food to be available year round.

Threshing and Winnowing

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.3.D: Identify technology used in agriculture.  Indentify tools and machinery used in agricultural processes.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.4.B1: Describe how technology affects humans in various ways.
3.4.3.B4: Illustrate how people have made tools to provide food, clothing and shelter.

Determine Timing of Plantings

Environment and Ecology

4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.

4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology

3.1.3.C1: Recognize that plants survive through adaptations such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity. Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors. 

Making Tea

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter.
3.2.4.A4: Recognize that combining two or more substances may make new materials with different properties.
3.4.4.A1: Understand that tools materials, and skills are used to make things and carry out tasks.

Making Cheese

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles. 

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter (e.g. burning, cooking).

Food Spoilage

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.

Science and Technology
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter.
3.2.6.A4: Differentiate between physical changes and chemical changes.
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.B: Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.

Removing Fall Crops

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth.
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.
4.5.4.B: Determine the circumstances that cause humans to identify an organism as a pest. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors. 

Garden Schedule

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.C:  Explain how most life on earth gets its energy from the sun.
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.C1: Recognize that plants survive through adaptations such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity. Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.

Plant Needs

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.C: Explain how most life on earth gets its energy from the sun.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.1.5.A2: Describe how life on earth depends on energy from the sun.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors. 

Crop Rotation

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A1: Classify Plants and animals according to the physical characteristics they share.
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors. 

Plant Spacing

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Pruning Raspberries

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.A: Explain how living things are dependent upon other living and nonliving things for survival. Explain what happens to an organism when its food supply, access to water, shelter or space is changed.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water and shelter.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Seed Quantity

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Tiny Gardens Giant Farmers

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.C: Explain how most life on earth gets its energy from the sun.
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.1.5.A2: Describe how life on earth depends on energy from the sun.
3.2.3.B5: Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one material to another.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.  

Building Soil

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.

Aerating Soil

Environment and Ecology
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils. 

Science and Technology
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.
3.4.3.B4: Illustrate how people have made tools to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products, or systems.
3.4.3.E3: Recognize that tools, machines, products, and  systems use energy in order to do work.

Inoculating Soil

Environment and Ecology
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products, or systems.

Row Seeding Lettuce

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils. 

Science and Technology
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.
3.4.3.B4: Illustrate how people have made tools to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products, or systems.
3.4.3.E3: Recognize that tools, machines, products, and  systems use energy in order to do work.

Scavenger Hunt – Spring

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.1.3.C1: Recognize that plants survive through adaptations such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity. Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors. 

Starting Seeds – Amaranth

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate what animals and plants need to grow.

Science
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water, and shelter.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live.
3.1.3.A3: Illustrate how plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

Starting Seeds – Tomatoes

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate what animals and plants need to grow.

Science
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water, and shelter.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live.
3.1.3.A3: Illustrate how plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

Honeybees

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.A: Explain how living things are dependent upon other living and nonliving things for survival. Explain what happens to an organism when its food supply, access to water, shelter or space is changed.
4.1.3.E: Identify changes in the environment over time.
4.1.4.E: Explain that ecosystems change over time due to natural and or human influences. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.1.3.B1: Understand that plants and animals closely resemble their parents.
3.1.4.B1: Describe features that are observable in both parents and their offspring.
3.1.3.B5: Identify characteristics that appear in both parents and offspring.

Starting Sweet Potato Slips

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.B4: Illustrate how people have made tools to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products, or systems.

Thin Turnips, Braise with Spinach

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.2.3.A3: Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.
3.2.3.A4: Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter (e.g. burning, cooking).
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Turning Under Cover Crop

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.

Planting Wheat

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.A: Describe the journey of local/global agricultural commodities from production to consumption.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
4.4.4.D: Identify how technology affects the development of civilizations through agricultural production.

Science and Technology
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Planting Three Sisters Corn

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth.
4.4.4.D: Identify how technology affects the development of civilizations through agricultural production.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Preparing to Transplant

Environment and Ecology
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.2.3.B6: Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.

Making Salad

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Planting Three Sisters Squash

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth.
4.4.4.D:  Identify how technology affects the development of civilizations through agricultural production.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Companion Planting – Pepper

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A1: Classify Plants and animals according to the physical characteristics they share.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Companion Planting – Flowers

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A1: Classify Plants and animals according to the physical characteristics they share.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Companion Planting – Tomato

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A1: Classify Plants and animals according to the physical characteristics they share.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Planting Three Sisters Beans

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth.
4.4.4.D: Identify how technology affects the development of civilizations through agricultural production.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.

Pruning Tomatoes

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A5: Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection.
3.4.3.E2: Identify some processes used in agriculture that require different procedures, products or systems.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Installing Irrigation and Mulch

Environment and Ecology 

4.1.4.A: Explain how living things are dependent upon other living and nonliving things for survival. Explain what happens to an organism when its food supply, access to water, shelter or space is changed.
4.1.3.E: Identify changes in the environment over time. 

Science and Technology
3.1.3.A2: Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water and shelter.
3.3.3.A5: Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time. 

Removing Spring Crops

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth.
4.5.3.B: Define the term pest and identify various plants and animals that humans may call pests.
4.5.4.B: Determine the circumstances that cause humans to identify an organism as a pest. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors. 

Making Plant Family Cards

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.6.A: Describe how different plants and animals in the United States have specific growing requirements related to climate and soil conditions.
4.5.4.D: Explain how specific adaptations can help organisms survive in their environment.

Science and Technology
3.1.4.A1: Classify Plants and animals according to the physical characteristics they share.
3.1.4.A2: Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live. 

Using Tools to Till our Soil

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.

Preparing Turnip Bed, Spreading Compost

Environment and Ecology
4.1.4.B: Identify how matter cycles through an ecosystem. Trace how death, growth and decay cycle matter through an ecosystem.
4.4.4C: Use scientific inquiry to investigate the composition of various soils.
4.4.5.C: Investigate the factors influencing plant and animal growth. 

Science and Technology
3.3.3.A1: Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.
3.3.6.A2: Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors. 

From Wheat to Bread

Environment and Ecology
4.4.3.A: Identify Pennsylvania crops that provide food for the table and fiber for textiles.
4.4.4.B: Describe how humans rely on the food and fiber system.